Afghanistan's Hidden Trove Of Buddhist Artifacts Threatened By Violence, Mining Contracts

By Antonia Blumberg, The Huffington Post, June 24, 2014

Mes Aynak, Afghanistan -- The Buddhist treasure troves of Mes Aynak in Afghansitan have had their fair share of disturbances over the years.

A coup, a revolution, an invasion and a war interrupted what might have been an organized excavation of the site believed to have once been an important stop on the Silk Road.

Since the site's discovery in 1963 by a French geologist, Mes Aynak has been used for Soviet tunnels and al-Qaeda training camps, leaving it vulnerable to looters and decay. But in the early millennium, archaeologists finally began a proper excavation, uncovering, The Guardian reported:

19 separate archaeological sites in the valley. These ranged from four fortified monasteries, a Zoroastrian fire temple and several Buddhist stupas (commemorative monuments), through ancient copper working, smelting workshops, miners habitations and a mint, as well as two small forts and a citadel. They also found a hoard of Kushan, Sassanian and Indo-Parthian coins, more than 1,000 statues, and several perfectly preserved frescoes showing donor portraits and scenes from the life of the Buddha.

Now Mes Aynak is threatened again, this time by a 30-year, $3 billion contract signed by Afghanistan’s Ministry of Mines and Petroleum (MoMP) and the China Metallurgical Group Corporation (MCC). The MCC estimated the site contained roughly $100 billion worth of copper, which some say will revitalize Afghanistan's economy and others say will bring about the destruction of a major cultural heritage site.

“From one side, my people need food. We are poor people," Nasir Ahmad Durrani, deputy minister of mines, told Al Jazeera America. "My national budget needs to generate revenue. But on the other side, I have to protect the international heritage.”

Archaeologists believe it would take close to 25 years to excavate the entire site, Al Jazeera reports, but the MCC is due to take over the site for mining purposes by the end of 2014.

Meanwhile the MoMP has hired more than 1,750 Afghan Public Protection Force security guards to protect the site, while archaeologists race to preserve as many of these thousand-year-old Buddhist artifacts as possible.

Check out the Greek features on this Buddha head discovered at Mes Aynak, Afghanistan.

The Buddhist Channel - Donate to Support Our Work

An Appeal

In deep gratitude for your support! We are half way to meeting our target (US$ 10,400 of US$ 18,000 already achieved)!

The Buddhist Channel is a dedicated group of "mindful communication practitioners" striving to make a positive impact on the Buddhist community. We deeply believe in the power of mindful journalism and are reaching out to you with a heartfelt request for your support. Your donation, no matter the size, can make a tangible difference in the lives of countless Buddhist monastics, local communities and other dedicated engaged workers. With your help, we make their stories known, and thereby opening up avenues for them to obtain sustainable support for their work.

Please indicate whether your support will be a donation or a loan. We will get back to you via email. We thank you in advance for providing us financial relieve. May the Buddha Dharma ever be your guide and protector.

Note: To date, we have received the following:

US$ 900 from Esa Myllykoski (donation)
US$ 9,500 from Lance Edwards/Kau Soo Kin (loan)

We express our deep gratitude for the support and generosity.

If you have any enquiries, please write to: